POST IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW CONCLUDES FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING STANDARD MEETS ITS OBJECTIVES
Norwalk, CT, February 25, 2014—A 2006 accounting standard that established a framework for measuring fair value within U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) generally achieves its purpose. That was the central conclusion of the post-implementation review (PIR) of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement No. 157, Fair Value Measurements.
Statement 157 provides a single definition of fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Statement 157 does not change existing U.S. GAAP requirements that specify which items organizations should measure and report at fair value.
Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF) President and CEO Teresa S. Polley said, “On behalf of the FAF and the FASB, I’d like to thank the stakeholders who helped the PIR team assess the application, usefulness, and effectiveness of the fair value accounting and financial reporting standard for public and private companies and not-for-profit organizations.”
FASB Chairman Russell G. Golden said, “The post-implementation review report on Statement 157 identified many positive aspects of the fair value standard, most importantly that it met its objectives and did not result in any unanticipated consequences. We are eager to consider the PIR team’s findings and anticipate providing our initial response in the coming weeks.”
The PIR team limited its review to Statement 157 and how fair value is measured and did not include other standards that require the use of fair value either for measurement or disclosure purposes. The PIR team received input from investors and other financial statement users, as well as from preparers, auditors, and academics. Based on its research the review team concluded:
- Statement 157 adequately resolved the issues underlying its stated need to provide a single definition of fair value, establish a framework for measuring fair value, expand disclosures about fair value measurement, and simplify and codify the fair value measurement guidance.
- Information from the application of Statement 157 generally provides investors with decision-useful information, especially the description of the inputs and valuation technique(s) used to measure fair value. However, some investors have difficulty understanding fair value information provided in the financial statements, and their level of satisfaction with that information varies. There are also varying views about the volume and extent of the fair value disclosures—some stakeholders think they are excessive, others ask for more.
- Overall, Statement 157’s requirements are understandable, can be applied as intended, and allow information to be reported reliably. However, certain requirements are difficult for employee benefit plans, not-for-profit organizations, and private companies to apply and difficulties can be magnified if the organization is small.
- Some stakeholders believe the changes made to financial reporting and operating practices to implement Statement 157 were significant. Some of these changes may be attributable to changes in the regulatory and economic environment such as increased audit requirements. The global financial crisis of 2008 also may have amplified the implementation challenges.
- Statement 157 did not result in any significant unanticipated consequences.
- Some stakeholders, such as preparers from smaller organizations and private equity firms, believe the ongoing costs to comply with Statement 157 are significant—especially the incremental increase in audit fees, audit requirements, and in the use of third-party pricing services and valuation specialists. Some of the costs relate to regulatory environment factors arising after the issuance of Statement 157, such as the requirements associated with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reviews, and Public Company Accounting Oversight Board inspections.
The review of Statement 157 was undertaken by an independent team of the FAF, the parent organization of the FASB and the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). The team’s formal report is available here.
For more information on the PIR process, visit the FAF website.
About the Financial Accounting Foundation
The FAF is responsible for the oversight, administration, and finances of both the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and its counterpart for state and local government, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). The Foundation is also responsible for selecting the members of both Boards and their respective Advisory Councils.
About the Financial Accounting Standards Board
Since 1973, the Financial Accounting Standards Board has been the designated organization in the private sector for establishing standards of financial accounting and reporting. Those standards govern the preparation of financial reports and are officially recognized as authoritative by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Such standards are essential to the efficient functioning of the economy because investors, creditors, auditors, and others rely on credible, transparent, and comparable financial information. For more information about the FASB, visit our website at www.fasb.org.